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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-19

Histopathological spectrum of skin lesions in the elderly: Experience from a tertiary hospital in Southeast Nigeria


1 Department of Anatomic Pathology and Forensic Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nnewi, Nigeria
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
3 Department of Morbid Anatomy, Alex-Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria
4 Department of Morbid Anatomy, University of Nigeria, Ituku-Ozalla Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
5 Department of Histopathology, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chinedu Onwuka Ndukwe
Department of Histopathology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jascp.jascp_27_21

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Background: There are only a few epidemiological studies published on skin disorders in the elderly within the Nigerian context and none from the Southeast Region of the country. In addition, none of these studies has considered the pattern and frequency of histopathologically diagnosed geriatric skin lesions. Hence, we attempted to determine the frequency as well as the age and gender distributions of histologically diagnosed dermatological diseases in geriatric population from skin biopsies submitted to the histopathology department of a tertiary care hospital in Southeast Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional retrospective hospital-based study involving all skin biopsies of patients 60 years and above, received at the Department of Histopathology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria, from January 2004 to December 2019. Results: During the study period, 751 skin biopsies were received in the histopathology department. Of these, 142 were from patients who were older than 60 years. Thus, the overall share of geriatric patients was 18.9%. The mean age at presentation was 71.1 ± 8.6 years. The M: F was 1:1, and most of the patients belonged to the age group of 60–69 years (69 cases, 48.6%). The mean age of the male patients was 72.1 ± 9.5 years. In the female patients, it was 70.1 ± 7.5 years. The most common disease category was neoplasms (91, 64.1%). Most neoplasms were malignant. There were 67/142 (47.2%) malignant lesions. The most common was Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (30 cases) which is 21.1% of all geriatric skin biopsies and 44.8% of malignant skin biopsies. This is closely followed by melanoma (29 cases). Conclusion: Malignant neoplasms, benign neoplasms, and papulosquamous disorders are the three most common histologically diagnosed skin lesions in our geriatric population. The most common skin malignancies in this group of patients are SCC and malignant melanoma.


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