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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 69-73

Educational intervention on knowledge and attitude regarding postdialysis home care among caregivers of hemodialysis patients: An institutional study

1 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, State College of Nursing, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
2 Nursing Superintendent, Indian Railway Health Services, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Shtrughan Pareek
Indian Railway Health Services, Bikaner, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jascp.jascp_6_21

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Introduction: Chronic kidney disease is an enormous public health issue, the tide of which continues to inexorably rise. In the 2015 Global Burden of Disease Study, kidney disease was the 12th most common cause of death, accounting for 1.1 million deaths worldwide. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of self-instruction module on knowledge and attitude regarding postdialysis home care among caregivers of hemodialysis patients. Methodology: A preexperimental one-group pretest–posttest design was selected for the study which was conducted from June 1 to June 31, 2019. A total of sixty caregivers of hemodialysis patients attending at Max Hospital, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, were selected through purposive nonprobability sampling technique. The data were collected through a self-structured questionnaire and attitude scale toward postdialysis home care. Results: The results showed that pretest mean score was 18.58 ± 2.99 while, after administering the self-instruction module, posttest mean score was 27.66 ± 2.69. In addition, the intervention was significantly effective to enhance the knowledge (P = 0.00001) and attitude (P = 0.00001) of caregivers regarding postdialysis home care. Conclusion: The study concluded that self-instruction module was effective in increasing the knowledge and positive attitude regarding postdialysis home care. Therefore, it is recommended that such a type of teaching program should be conducted from time to time for improving knowledge, attitude, and practices of caregivers of dialysis patients.

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