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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-21

Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward prevention and management of COVID-19 among indian nurses: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Epidemiology, Insitute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Project ECHO and Prakash, Insitute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 College of Nursing, Insitute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India
4 Department of College of Nursing, Insitute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India
5 Department of Psychiatry, Insitute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohit Varshney
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jascp.jascp_16_20

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Background: To plan suitable policy against COVID-19 pandemic, it is important that the nurses have updated knowledge related to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and management of COVID-19 and have an optimistic attitude and good practices in managing the patients during the pandemic crisis. Thus, we conducted a study on the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) related to COVID-19 among Indian nursing professionals. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 22 to May 22, 2020 using a pretested 37-item-self-reported e-questionnaire among nursing professionals above 18 years of age, working in health-care setting across 25 states. The questionnaire consisted of four sections: demographic details, knowledge (26 items), attitude (6 items), and practice (5-itmes). KAP questionnaire was shared through e-mail, SMS, and WhatsApp groups. Results: A total of 1182 participants responded to the online survey with 94% completion rate. The study analyzed the data for 1110 nurses with a mean age of 30 ± 6.7 years and 68% being females. The mean KAP score was 16.82 ± 3.3, 9.77 ± 2.03, and 18.37 ± 3.29, respectively. Knowledge was significantly correlated with attitude (r = 0.1316) and practice (r = 0.1526). Practice and attitude were also found to be positively correlated (r = 0.4398). Good knowledge related to COVID-19 was significantly affected by age, gender, location, and type of facility (<0.01). Conclusion: The study raised concerns regarding poor knowledge, anxiety, and fear from COVID-19 duty affects the health-care workers (HCWs) performance and provides resistance in working. A comprehensive training program for HCWs focuses more in terms of infection, prevention, control, and management and maintaining good mental health is required.

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